Although wood carvings and thatched temples were easily destroyed, the volcano was a natural monument to the goddess. “On each island, Pele digs a firepit to build a home — only to have Namakaokaha‘i arrive and extinguish the flames, chasing her off.”. ‘Oaka e ka lani noke nō Finally catching up to Pele, the two sisters battled to the death, with Namaka coming out on top. :143 One myth tells that Poliʻahu had come from Mauna Kea with her friends to attend sled races down the grassy hills south of Hamakua. Ancient legends of Pele are wrought with fierce feuds and jealous outbursts. Behold, it bursts on Kanaloa! Kau‘i Kanaka‘ole is executive director of Ala Kukui cultural retreat in Hāna. The mo‘olelo, the story, isn’t over. The volcano goddess is as renowned for her fiery passions as for the molten lava with which she creates new land. The existing portrait of what looked like a blond Caucasian as the Hawaiian goddess had been criticized by many Native Hawaiians. So it seems only natural to associate that place, in particular, with Pele. Hiʻiaka, or the youngest Hiiaka, was the patron goddess of Hawaiʻi, hula dancers, chant, sorcery and medicine.  The painting is now on display at the Kilauea Visitors Center. ‘Oaka e ka lani noke nō From her husband Wahieloa (also called Wahialoa) she has a daughter Laka and a son Menehune. Her common and family name means "carried egg" - "hiʻi", to hold or carry in the arms (as a child), and "aka", meaning embryo - referring to the story of how she was brought to Hawaiʻi by her sister Pele. The women of the caldera have strung leis , An urban legend states that Pele herself occasionally warns locals of impending eruptions. Born in Tahiti, Pele was exiled to Hawaii by her father for her vicious temper. Meanwhile, her sister older sister Namaka, the sea goddess, was in hot pursuit wanting to extinguish not only her fires, but Pele herself! The hula being dedicated to Pele is often performed in a way that represents her intense personality and the movement of volcanoes. , In one version of the story, Pele is the daughter of Kanehoalani and Haumea in the mystical land of Kuaihelani, a floating free land like Fata Morgana. Book Now! In one version of this ancient tale, Pele falls in love with Namakaokaha‘i’s husband, igniting her sibling’s wrath. Oregon State University System website, H. Arlo Nimmo. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "TuTu Pele: The Living Goddess of Hawaii's Volcanoes", http://pages.mtu.edu/~raman/papers2/SwansonKilaueaMythsJVGR08.pdf, Ethnografia y anales de la conquista de las Islas Canarias, http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/who-goddess-pele-and-how-she-related-origin-hawaiian-islands, http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/PacificStudies/id/1232/rec/18, http://www.hulapreservation.org/hulatype.asp?ID=18, "Hawaii's hot rocks blamed by tourists for bad luck / Goddess said to curse those who take a piece of her island", "Rendering Pele: Artists gather paints and canvas in effort to be chosen as Pele's portrait maker", "Visions of Pele, the Hawaiian Volcano Deity", MP3 sample by native speaker Ka'upena Wong: Legend of Pele, Goddess of Fire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pele_(deity)&oldid=984870285, Articles having different image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles needing additional references from April 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2018, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ahu-i-mai'a-pa-kanaloa, brother, name translates to "banana bunch of Kanaloa's field", Ka-maiau, war god, relative to Pele and Hi'iaka, Tama-ehu, brother, god of salamanders and fire in Tahitian, Wahieloa, husband which she fathered sons Laka and Menehune, In the 1990s a character claiming to be the goddess Pele appeared as a villainess in the. Pele was the goddess of fire, while Namaka was the goddess of the sea. She traveled by canoe from near Tahiti to Hawaii. , Legend told that Pele herself journeyed on her canoe from the island of Tahiti to Hawaii. A thousand years before western science deduced tectonic plates, and that the Pacific Plate slides over a hotspot in the Earth’s crust, leaving a string of volcanic islands in its wake, early Polynesians — a Stone Age people — comprehended the archipelago’s chronology. “Namakaokaha‘i is of the ocean,” says Molitau. Both of the chants above were performed at Halemaʻumaʻu, where it is said Pele currently resides. Pele is active in Tahiti ‘Eli‘eli kau mai I ‘ula i ka papa ka lehua o Puna, From the crater I’ve come, from Kīlauea, Poliʻahu was finally able to grab her now-burning snow mantle and throw it over the mountain. With this happening, her body was destroyed but her spirit lives in Halemaʻumaʻu on Kilauea. When these two meet, big explosions. "Who is the goddess of Pele and how is she related to the origin of the Hawaiian Islands?" And although Haleakalā hasn’t erupted in more than two centuries, Maui plays a pivotal role in her legend. May profound reverence alight indeed As she died, the spirit of Pele left her body and moved into the Halemaumau crater on Kilauea. Her home is believed to be the fire pit called Halemaʻumaʻu at the summit caldera of Kīlauea, one of the Earth's most active volcanoes, but her domain encompasses all volcanic activity on the Big Island of Hawaiʻi. From those lessons, the younger person grows strong.”. She can also change form, appearing as a white dog, old woman, or beautiful young woman" (2). But if you’re willing tempt Pele’s fate you should know it’s actually against the law to remove rocks and minerals from national parks. The sea floods the land, then recedes; this flooding is called Kai a Kahinalii ("The sea of Ka-hina-liʻi"), as Pele's connection to the sea was passed down from her mother Kahinalii.:158. Well you can! Legend has it the lava that flows from the volcano is an extension of her body. Now bring your focus to the human scale.  Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809–1892) wrote a poem about the incident in 1892. According to one folktale, Pele was born in Tahiti, where her fiery temper and indiscretions with her sister's husband got her into trouble. , Kīlauea is a currently active volcano that is located on the island of Hawaiʻi and is still being extensively studied. Appearing in the form of either a beautiful young woman or an elderly woman with white hair, sometimes accompanied by a small white dog, and always dressed in a red muumuu, Pele is said to walk along the roads near Kīlauea, but will vanish if passersby stop to help her, similar to the Resurrection Mary or vanishing hitchhiker legend. After three days of making love together, Pele goes back to Hawaii and Lohi'au dies from a broken heart.. Pele came disguised as a beautiful stranger and was greeted by Poliʻahu. Jan 13, 2019 - Nāmaka (or Nā-maka-o-Kahaʻi, the eyes of Kahaʻi) is the Hawaiian goddess of the sea. Rumbling, puffing, Pele comes Pele is also known as "She who shapes the sacred land", known to be said in ancient Hawaiian chants. In his book Pele and Hiiaka, missionary son and scholar Nathaniel Emerson identifies the mystical floating island of Kuaihelani as the place of her birth — and the place from which she fled her older sister, the sea goddess Namakaokaha‘i. Should you come across her while she’s disguised in these forms and refuse her requests, it’s been said you will suffer her wrath. The hillside where her bones are buried is called Kaiwiopele, ‘the bones of Pele.’ After the death of her physical form, Pele grows into her god self and travels in her spirit form to the Big Island, where she makes her home to this day.”, “Namakaokaha‘i thinks she has killed her sister,” says Molitau. Every year numerous small natural items are returned by post to the National Park Service by tourists seeking Pele's forgiveness. So if you find yourself in Volcanoes National Park or Haleakala National Park and are thinking of leaving with a lava rock souvenir, you may not only find yourself with a lifetime of bad luck but also a stiff fine! Then, Pele travels on the canoe Honuaiakea to find a new home with her brother Kamohoali'i. "Ancient Hula Types Database," Hula Preservation Society. In Hawaiian religion, Pele (pronounced [ˈpɛlɛ]) is the goddess of volcanoes and fire and the creator of the Hawaiian Islands. The sea pours from her head over the land of Kanaloa (perhaps the island now known as Kahoʻolawe) and her brothers say: O the sea, the great sea! Another way to suffer from the whims of Pele is to remove lava rock from the Hawaiian Islands. Pele and her sister Namaka competed by the right to become Gods, this rivalry was accentuated by the fact that Pele seduced the lover of her sister. This story involves the Hawaiian goddesses, Pele and Namaka. Pele saw Lohi'au, a chief of Kaua'i, in a dream and sent Hi'iaka to bring him to her in forty days or else she would punish them. On the planetary scale, her journey allegorically traces the geological evolution of the islands themselves, beginning with the oldest, Kure Atoll, in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, and ending at the youngest, Hawai‘i Island, at the chain’s southeastern tip. Kuaihelani was in the region of Kahiki (Kukulu o Kahiki). From this, she earned her full name, Hiʻiaka-i-ka-poli-o-Pele: "Hiʻiaka in the bosom of Pele". The foundation of Puna is crimson, covered in lehua blossoms. Pele's body was destroyed in a battle with Namaka near Hana, Maui.
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