It was stipulated that within three years, in 1790, a population census was to be taken, and a similar census every ten years thereafter, to determine what adjustments should be made in the number of each — state's representatives in the House. 79 (Hamilton), Section XII: Judiciary: Federalist No. Summary Essay 52: The House of Representatives Madison now inaugurates a series of essays that consider each branch of the national government and the various subdivisions of each branch in turn. 67 (Hamilton), Section XI: Need for a Strong Executive: Federalist No. Publius disputed this. . And even here, in order to avoid a research too vague and diffusive, it will be proper to confine ourselves to the few examples which are best known, and which bear the greatest analogy to our particular case. The earliest records of subsequent date prove that parliaments were to sit only every year; not that they were to be elected every year. Have we any reason to infer, from the spirit and conduct of the representatives of the people, prior to the Revolution, that biennial elections would have been dangerous to the public liberties? and any corresponding bookmarks? The example of Ireland, from this view of it, can throw but little light on the subject. In Chapter 56, it was also charged that the House of Representatives would be too small to have adequate knowledge of the interests of its constituents. It was estimated that, with population growth, the number would be 200 in 25 years, and 400 in 50 years, which should put an end to all fears about the small size of the body. 4 (Jay), Section I: General Introduction: Federalist No. The history of this branch of the English Constitution, anterior to the date of Magna Charta, is too obscure to yield instruction. The Boston Tea Party is a major link in the chain of events that resulted in the form of government we enjoy today. It was taken from The Hampshire Gazette of April 9, 1788. The conclusion resulting from these examples will be not a little strengthened by recollecting three circumstances. I shall begin with the House of Representatives. The first to which this character ought to be applied, is the House of Commons in Great Britain. And in the third place, no comparison can be made between the means that will be possessed by the more permanent branches of the federal government for seducing, if they should be disposed to seduce, the House of Representatives from their duty to the people, and the means of influence over the popular branch possessed by the other branches of the government above cited. The parliament which commenced with George II. 62–66 (Madison or Hamilton), Section XI: Need for a Strong Executive: Federalist No. To have left it open for the occasional regulation of the Congress would have been improper for the reason just mentioned. The first view to be taken of this part of the government relates to the qualifications of the electors and the elected. 1 (Alexander Hamilton), Section I: General Introduction: Federalist No. To remedy this grievance, it was provided by a statute in the reign of Charles II that the intermissions should not be protracted beyond a period of three years. In the second place it has, on another occasion, been shown that the federal legislature will not only be restrained by its dependence on its people, as other legislative bodies are, but that it will be, moreover, watched and controlled by the several collateral legislatures, which other legislative bodies are not.
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