climate zones of puerto rico

Geography: Covered by mountains (about 60%), the remaining 40% of the land is regional coasts, which are flat.

Prevailing west winds are infrequent throughout other areas of the island. Pronounced orographic effects from the Cordillera Central and the Sierra de Cayey mountains in Puerto Rico result in high rainfall amounts occurring on the windward side of the mountains, which is north of the insular hydrologic divide. The closest Ocean of Puerto Rico is Pacific Ocean, The closest Airports of Puerto Rico are: Eloy Alfaro International Airport (MEC) 77.62km,José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport (GYE) 119.80km,Mariscal Lamar International Airport (CUE) 247.85km, You can reach Puerto Rico from this Cities by Plane: Santiago (SCL), Quito (UIO), Lima (LIM), New York (JFK), Miami (MIA), Torrejón de Ardoz (MAD), Guayaquil (GYE), Cali (CLO), Bogota (BOG), Caracas (CCS), Santa Clara (SAL), CUENCA (CUE), Salinas Milagro, © / AM OP / OpenStreetMap contributors, Puerto Rico Weather by month // weather averages, Puerto Rico Climate graph // Weather by Month.


Autumn in Puerto Rico delivers temperatures that would be experienced during the summer in most of the continental United States. Travelers who visit the mountains will encounter temperatures of around 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius) in the daytime and below 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15 degrees Celsius) at night, but temperatures in towns and cities located below the Cordillas are much warmer. Rainfall is heaviest between May and October, when daytime temperatures peak at around 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius). If you plan to travel in late spring, it could be a good idea to visit the island’s southern coast, where inviting temperatures combine with lower humidity levels. Orographic effects on rainfall are not as pronounced in the outlying islands, with the exception of Vieques.

The greatest amount of precipitation occurs in March, with an average of 64 mm | 2.5 inch. Pedro Balda

Local climate variability within each subdivision and in the outlying islands is attributed to local differences in topographic relief and the effect of prevailing trade winds.

It is hot and humid, with a prolific rainy season that lasts from August into December. During the summer in Puerto Rico, it is normal for the mercury to rise above 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius), and it will seldom drop below 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius) at any hour.

In this area, the mean annual total rainfall is 30.0 in/yr (768 mm/yr).

Major rainfall events producing substantial volumes of rain in Puerto Rico and the outlying islands are caused by one of two climate mechanisms—the passage of an easterly wave or the passage of a cold front. In general, San Juan is best visited in winter, when the heat and humidity are not so oppressive. Olon Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data, Caribbean-Florida Water Science Center (CFWSC). Rainfall on the island of Vieques differs substantially between the leeward or west side of the island and the windward or east side of the island. Since the nights can get cool, however, it is important to have long-sleeved pants and shirts as well. In March, the highest water temperature is reached with a monthly average of 26.50°C | 79.70°F.

In general, the fall is a good time to visit most locations in Puerto Rico, including the popular northern and southern coasts, since the heat is not overly extreme. Mosquito repellent and netting are also vital all year round in Puerto Rico, and you should carry at least an umbrella and shoes suitable for walking in wet conditions, even if rainfall is less of an issue in the winter.

From November through April, daytime highs and nighttime lows will cool off by a few degrees, and rainfall diminishes in most locations as well. The least amount of rainfall occurs in December. Fear of hurricanes shouldn’t make you reluctant to visit Puerto Rico, since highly destructive storms are not that common. Temperatures regularly reach 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius) and above in summer, late spring and early fall, with similarly high temperatures rest of the year. The Eastern Region of Puerto Rico stays hot and humid 12 months out of the year. Puerto Rico’s hospitable climate is hot, usually humid, and summerlike all year long. The lowest average temperatures in the year occur in July, when it is around 23.1 °C | 73.6 °F.

Rainfall in the eastern part of the island may be similar to that of the island of Culebra where the mean annual total rainfall is 36.4 in/yr (925 mm/yr).

Puerto Rico’s hospitable climate is hot, usually humid, and summerlike all year long. Puerto Rico’s northern region (to the west of the capital city of San Juan) features daily average temperatures between 85 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit (29-32 degrees Celsius) all year long.


Once the sun goes down, these readings decline a bit more than in other parts of the island, with temperatures in the 65-70 degrees Fahrenheit (18-21 degrees Celsius) range being quite typical.

As a result, localized droughts occur yearly within many of the geographic areas of Puerto Rico.

It can be very hot during the day, much cooler at night, sunny for several days in a row or rain steadily for a week. There is a clear distinction between the dry season and the rainy season in western Puerto Rico. The least amount of rainfall occurs in the vicinity of Guánica at Ensenada in southwestern Puerto Rico. Although rainfall data are insufficient to quantify amounts, estimates indicate that the difference in rainfall between the east and west ends of the island could be as much as 13.6 in/yr (345 mm/yr). Temperatures and humidity levels in Puerto Rico are relatively moderate in the spring, especially in March and April.

The water temperature in Puerto Rico (Pacific Ocean) is on an annual average at about 24.50°C | 76.10°F. The spatial distribution of rainfall in Puerto Rico is variable (fig. Figure 1. San Juan is Puerto Rico’s largest city and primary tourist destination. In interior mountainous areas (that is, Eastern and Western Interior climate subdivisions; fig. What to pack: Light clothing appropriate for summerlike conditions are still required, especially if you’ll be spending time on the beaches or visiting attractions at low latitudes. Prevailing winds along the western end of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez differ from other areas on the island. The mean annual total rainfall on the island of Mona is 36.0 in/yr (915 mm/yr). Manta Sunscreen with a high SPF is vital when visiting Puerto Rico, but that can be purchased locally.

This means readings that range from around 85 degrees Fahrenheit (29 degrees Celsius) during the daytime to approximately 72 degrees Fahrenheit (22 degrees Celsius) overnight.

Rainfall is greatest in the Sierra de Luquillo rainforest in the eastern part of Puerto Rico. Whereas in August the lowest average water temperatures are expected with about 22.70°C | 72.86°F.

La Libertad It is cooler in the interior of Puerto Rico in the summertime, and many visitors choose this time to explore in and around the Cordillera Central Mountain range.

The northern two-thirds of the island has a relatively humid climate whereas the southern one-third of the island is semi-arid. Long-sleeved shirts and long pants may be necessary at night, and for any trips you take to the cooler interior.

No data point selected. The variation in the precipitation between the driest and wettest months is 58 mm | 2 inch. The variation in temperatures throughout the year is 3.2 °C | 37.8 °F. The lowest water temperatures are seen around the year around August 25 at 22.70°C | 72.86°F.

The hurricane season coincides with the rainy season in Puerto Rico, when rainfall is a regular occurrence in most regions. Las Tunas Hurricanes are most common in Puerto Rico between August and October, and tropical storms that don’t reach hurricane intensity may also be experienced. The humidity is noticeable, especially in summer, but there is less rainfall in this area than in San Juan. In the interior mountainous and forested regions, daily averages can drop by 6-10 degrees Fahrenheit (4-6 degrees Celsius) or more, depending on the elevation. Since the number of days with rainfall doesn’t vary much between seasons, there is no rainy season per se. In this area, the predominant wind direction is from the southeast during daylight hours, whereas prevailing winds are from the northeast during the period from midnight to early morning. Click on a pin on the map to see more information. The average annual temperature in Puerto Rico is 24.5 °C | 76.2 °F. Things will begin to change in May and June, however, as temperatures slowly climb and the number of rainy days increases.

Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Rainfall is heaviest between May and October, when daytime temperatures peak at around 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius). In general, rainfall occurs more frequently on the west side of Vieques. But you should at least be aware that some risk exists, if you’re thinking about vacationing in Puerto Rico in the late summer or early fall. • Growing season: Year-round • Coldest temperatures: 40 to 70F

Puerto López Climatic subdivisions of Puerto Rico and outlying islands.

What to Pack: Light clothing appropriate for the tropics is standard. Be sure to take rain gear for outdoor activities, in addition to light, summer clothing for daylight activities. The average in this month is 6 mm | 0.2 inch. The winter months in Puerto Rico offer delightfully warm conditions and reasonable humidity levels. This makes for comfortable sleeping conditions.

Altitude and proximity to the ocean are primary determinants of climate in Puerto Rico. If you go in late summer, be sure to take sufficient rain gear, including an umbrella, ponchos, plastic coverings for backpacks and other personal items, and shoes suitable for walking in wet conditions. The Puerto Rico lies on 28m above sea level Puerto Rico is considered to have a desert climate. Climatic subdivisions of Puerto Rico and outlying islands. The heavily populated northern coast is more humid than the southern coast, although the temperatures experienced are similar. Getting travel insurance is important, since Puerto Rico’s hurricane and tropical storm season begins in the summer. Although rainfall data are limited, certain vegetation adapted for life with a limited water supply (such as xerophytes) serve as strong indicators about rainfall distributions on Vieques. Afternoon rainfall is a regular occurrence in most locations on the island, especially in August and September, and humidity levels during this time of year may reach 80 percent. Cold fronts generally occur during November to April and may produce sufficient rainfall to cause flooding even during the period from December to March, which is a relatively dry period.

Rainfall is frequent during the rainy season that extends from August to November, but that is counterbalanced by the Central Region’s dry season from December through April. Temperatures remain in the 85-89 degrees Fahrenheit range for highs and 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit for lows. Visitors to eastern cities like Fajardo and Ceiba are seldom surprised by weather conditions, which are more consistent and predictable than in other parts of the island. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (1982) subdivided the island of Puerto Rico into six climate areas and designated a seventh climate area in the outlying islands (fig 1). Temperatures generally range from around 85 degrees Fahrenheit (29 degrees Celsius) in the daytime to near 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius) at night in most locations, with only modest rainfall as a rule. The mean annual total rainfall in the western part of Vieques, at Playa Grande and Resolución, is 50.0 in/yr (1,270 mm/yr). Easterly waves generally occur during May to November with some having sufficient intensity to evolve into tropical storms and (or) hurricanes.

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