Poseidon punishes all of Joppa when Cassiopea boasts about her daughter's beauty.  It is viewable in binoculars from a dark site owing to its high surface brightness of 10.1 and overall magnitude of 9.0. It is far fainter than M31 and M32, but larger than M32 with a surface brightness of 13.2, magnitude of 8.9, and size of 21.9 by 10.9 arcminutes. , The future of the Andromeda and Milky Way galaxies may be interlinked: in about five billion years, the two could potentially begin an Andromeda–Milky Way collision that would spark extensive new star formation. Only marginally dimmer than Alpha, Beta Andromedae is a red giant, its color visible to the naked eye.  The most famous deep-sky object in Andromeda is the spiral galaxy cataloged as Messier 31 (M31) or NGC 224 but known colloquially as the Andromeda Galaxy for the constellation. Unknown to Perseus, Cepheus had already promised Andromeda to her uncle Phineus (pronounced FIN-ee-uhs). ." Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Andromeda was a princess in Greek mythology. Colin Quartermain - Andromeda - 20th July 2016. The observers of the 2011 outburst predicted outbursts in 2018, 2023, and 2036. Andromeda is a princess and the goddess of dreams. , Each November, the Andromedids meteor shower appears to radiate from Andromeda. Andromeda is the daughter of an Aethiopian king in Greek mythology who, as divine punishment for her mother's bragging, the Boast of Cassiopeia, was chained to a rock as a sacrifice to a sea monster aroused by the queen's hubris. Appears In  M32, visible with a far smaller size of 8.7 by 6.4 arcminutes, compared to M110, appears superimposed on the larger galaxy in a telescopic view as a hazy smudge, M110 also appears slightly larger and distinct from the larger galaxy; M32 is 0.5° south of the core, M32 is 1° northwest of the core.  M110 is classified as either a dwarf spheroidal galaxy or simply a generic elliptical galaxy. According to the Greek historian Herodotus (pronounced heh-ROD-uh-tuhs), the kings of Persia were descended from the couple's first son, Perses (pronounced PUHR-sees). Pronunciation However, the date of retrieval is often important.  Astronomers have often associated the Andromedids with Biela's Comet, which was destroyed in the 19th century, but that connection is disputed. Of the stars brighter than 4th magnitude (and those with measured luminosity), Andromeda has a relatively even distribution of evolved and main-sequence stars. "Andromeda Because of its distance in the sky from the band of obscuring dust, gas, and abundant stars of our home galaxy, Andromeda's borders contain many visible distant galaxies.  Lying approximately three degrees southwest of Iota Andromedae at a distance of about 4,000 light-years from Earth, the "Blue Snowball Nebula" is a popular target for amateur astronomers. Andromeda was one of the original 48 constellations formulated by Ptolemy in his 2nd-century Almagest, in which it was defined as a specific pattern of stars. None of the meteoroids observed were associated with material from the comet's 1846 disintegration.  Using the 100-inch Hooker Telescope at Mount Wilson Observatory in California, he observed Cepheid variable stars in M31 during a search for novae, allowing him to determine their distance by using the stars as standard candles. SEE ALSO Athena; Gorgons; Greek Mythology; Medusa; Nymphs; Perseus; Poseidon; Zeus. ." Perseus and Andromeda had seven children and remained together for the rest of their lives. Andromeda was a princess in Greek mythology. Appears In Andromeda is nearly sacrificed by her father in an effort to save his kingdom. Ovid's Metamorphoses, Hesiod's Theogony Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. After consulting an oracle, the king and queen chained Andromeda to a rock, in order to be sacrificed to the monster. Updates?  The Andromedids were associated with the most spectacular meteor showers of the 19th century; the storms of 1872 and 1885 were estimated to have a peak rate of two meteors per second (a zenithal hourly rate of 10,000), prompting one Chinese astronomer to compare the meteors to falling rain. Perseus turned him to stone with Medusa’s head. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, How to Spot the Cassiopeia Constellation in the Night Sky, The Greek Mythology of Clash of the Titans. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Devyani is the daughter of Guru Shukracharya while Shar  Sharmishtha Andromeda galaxy Hindi Wikipedia , Hindu legends surrounding Andromeda are similar to the Greek myths.  The nebula has an overall magnitude of 9.2 and is 20 by 130 arcseconds in size. What Are the Names of the Ancient Constellations in Latin? World Encyclopedia.  In the Tuamotu islands, Alpha Andromedae was called Takurua-e-te-tuki-hanga-ruki, meaning "Star of the wearisome toil", and Beta Andromedae was called Piringa-o-Tautu.. Andromeda, the Woman Chained, the Andromede of Aratos, and Andromeda of Eratosthenes, Hipparchos, and Ptolemy, represents in the sky the daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia, king and queen of Aethiopia, chained in exposure to the sea monster as punishment of her mother's boast of beauty superior to that of the Nereids.. Sappho, of the 7th century before Christ, is supposed to mention her, … This is over 1,400 times the size of the full moon, 55% of the size of the largest constellation, Hydra, and over 10 times the size of the smallest constellation, Crux. This constellation either represented the foot of a walking person or a wild boar. Andromeda, in astronomy, constellation of the northern sky at about one hour right ascension and 40° north declination. As a result of Cassiopeia's boast that she was as beautiful as the Nereids (sea nymphs), Poseidon (sea god) sent a great sea monster to ravage the coastline. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. She is younger than most of the goddesses, and became friends with Medusa. U*X*L Encyclopedia of World Mythology. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. She was saved from death by Perseus, her future husband. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. ." He asked Cepheus for her hand in marriage, and Cepheus agreed as long as Perseus would slay the sea monster. The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, The mythology of the ancient Greeks included a dazzling array of gods, demigods (half-human, half-god), monsters, and heroes. Classical Literature, Mythology, and Folklore. Then since his non-violent technique failed to persuade Phineus to gracefully bow out, Perseus pulled out the head of Medusa to show his rival.  Since the time of Ptolemy, Andromeda has remained a constellation and is officially recognized by the International Astronomical Union, although like all modern constellations, it is now defined as a specific region of the sky that includes both Ptolemy's pattern and the surrounding stars. Is it right for an innocent person to die if it will result in saving the lives of many others? Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. World Encyclopedia. It contains approximately 20 stars in a diameter of 15 arcminutes, making it a tighter cluster than NGC 752. Pronunciation ."  The other open cluster in Andromeda is NGC 7686, which has a similar magnitude of 5.6 and is also a part of the Milky Way. 1 In Mythology 2 In Popular Culture 2.1 Films 3 References 3.1 In-film Gallery 4 Family Andromeda's mother Kassiopeia, bragged that she was more beautiful than Aphrodite, the goddess of beauty. https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/andromeda-0, "Andromeda Lineage Cepheus did so, and Andromeda awaited her fate. Cassiope offended the Nereids by boasting that Andromeda was more beautiful than they, so in revenge Poseidon sent a sea monster to devastate Cepheus’ kingdom. King Cepheus chained Andromeda to a rock in the sea where the hero saw her. She was the daughter of King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia, who ruled in the region of Aethiopia, which consisted of the Upper Nile region, along with areas south of the Sahara desert. ." The 2011 outburst was linked to ejecta from Comet Biela, which passed close to the Sun in 1649. , The Andromeda Galaxy has a total of 15 satellite galaxies, including M32 and M110. An oracle (a person through which gods communicated with humans) told Cepheus that the only way to save his kingdom was to chain Andromeda to a rock at the foot of a cliff and let the sea monster eat her. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/andromeda. Cepheus and Cassiopea are told that the only way to satisfy Poseidon is by sacrificing their daughter to a sea monster. Andromeda herself represents innocence; she does nothing that would justify an awful fate. . Corrections? Cassiopea once boasted that Andromeda was more beautiful than the Nereids (pronounced NEER-ee-idz), a group of sea nymphs , or female nature deities. Perseus argued that the surrender-to-her-death had invalidated the contract (and if he had really wanted her, why hadn't he slain the monster?). The story of Andromeda and Perseus was a key element of the 1981 fantasy film Clash of the Titans, though the sea monster is referred to as the Kraken, a creature taken from Scandinavian myth.  It is an enormous – 192.4 by 62.2 arcminutes in apparent size – barred spiral galaxy similar in form to the Milky Way and at an approximate magnitude of 3.5, is one of the brightest deep-sky objects in the northern sky. Andromeda is the location of the radiant for the Andromedids, a weak meteor shower that occurs in November. , There is one prominent planetary nebula in Andromeda: NGC 7662 (Caldwell 22). World Encyclopedia. "Andromeda Today we know of Andromeda as a galaxy, as the Andromeda Nebula, or as the Andromeda constellation located near the Pegasus constellation. PUR-see-uhs He had her head in a bag. PERSES The Titan-god of destruction, father of the witch Hecate.  It is seen under a dark, transparent sky as a hazy patch in the north of the constellation.  M31 is the largest neighboring galaxy to the Milky Way and the largest member of the Local Group of galaxies. In the context of ancient history, she is a princess featured in the heroic Greek legends. https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/andromeda, "Andromeda U*X*L Encyclopedia of World Mythology. After Andromeda's death Athena placed her in the sky as a constellation, to honor her. ." She was the daughter of King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia, who ruled in the region of Aethiopia, which consisted of the Upper Nile region, along with areas south of the Sahara desert. Andromeda bore Perseus six sons and a daughter. Today we know of Andromeda as a galaxy, as the Andromeda Nebula, or as the Andromeda constellation located near the Pegasus constellation. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/andromeda. Homer's Iliad, Ovid's Metamorphoses, Hesiod's Theogony,…, Nationality/Culture Andromeda is known as "the Chained Lady" or "the Chained Woman" in English. Lineage And so Perseus slew the monster, unchained the princess and brought Andromeda back to her many-relieved parents. The monster who was sent to ravage Ethiopia was also turned into a constellation, Cetus. Character Overview Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Since only Andromeda’s sacrifice would appease the gods, she was chained to a … U*X*L Encyclopedia of World Mythology. , As per Hindu astronomy, Andromeda is known as Devyani Constellation while Cassiopeia is Sharmishta Constellation.
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