Pastoral or Arable

Clearly a farm with these…

… is very different to a farm producing this.

The outputs are different, and so are the processes.

As you would expect, some of the inputs are different too.  You need seeds to grow crops on an arable farm, while animals are an input on a pastoral farm.  If it’s a mixed farm you need some of each.

But the basic categories of inputs are much the same:

  • Land
  • Climate
  • Machinery
  • Buildings
  • Money
  • Labour

All farms need labour, just some will need more than others, depending on the processes and what machinery is available.

Provided the farmer has enough money, he should be able to buy the machinery he needs, construct the buildings that he wants and pay for labourers to help.

However, the only way to get the right land and climate is to live in the right place.  Different parts of Britain are suited to different types of farming.  We will find out more next week.